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Web-based Comparative Patient-reported Outcome Feedback to Support Quality Improvement and Comparative Effectiveness Research in Total Joint Replacement

Authors:

Hua Zheng ,

Department of Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation, University of Massachusetts Medical School
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Wenjun Li,

Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School
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Leslie Harrold,

Department of Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation, University of Massachusetts Medical School
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David C. Ayers,

Department of Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation, University of Massachusetts Medical School
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Patricia D. Franklin

Department of Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation, University of Massachusetts Medical School
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Abstract

Introduction: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are rarely included in quality monitoring systems, surgeon comparative feedback reports, or registries. We present the design and implementation of a secure website in a federally funded research program—Function and Outcomes Research for Comparative Effectiveness in Total Joint Replacement (FORCE-TJR)—to return comparative PRO reports to participating surgeons, in addition to including traditional quality measures, in order to monitor and improve quality and health outcomes.

Methods: The surgeon-specific comparative PRO reports were designed and structured based on user input for content, data elements, integration, and display. Three questions are addressed regarding the knee and hip joint symptom profiles of patients before TJR, as well as outcomes of surgery. The website is organized with a hierarchical structure to display data at national, practice, and individual surgeon levels, and provides a comprehensive site-level executive summary and surgeon-level data reports that can be downloaded.

Early Results: As of September 2014, over 22,000 patients were enrolled from more than 130 surgeons in 22 states. The reporting website was launched in September 2012 and has been updated quarterly for all surgeons to review their site- and individual-specific outcomes data compared to national benchmarks.

Discussion: In this novel system, quarterly comparative surgeon feedback extends beyond traditional measures of complication rates to include PROs of pain relief and functional gain. We anticipate that this enhanced data will facilitate patient-centered quality improvement (QI) and outcomes research from the registry. As the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) and other insurers consider future implementation of PROs, surgeons will increasingly need comparative data by which to self-monitor their practice outcomes.

How to Cite: Zheng H, Li W, Harrold L, Ayers DC, Franklin PD. Web-based Comparative Patient-reported Outcome Feedback to Support Quality Improvement and Comparative Effectiveness Research in Total Joint Replacement. eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes). 2014;2(1):21. DOI: http://doi.org/10.13063/2327-9214.1130
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Published on 19 Dec 2014.
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